## NFT collection prototypes

Just a small Saturday project inspired by crypto NFT collections.

Wrote a python script to generate 19,683 NFT’s.  Posted on solsea just to try it out.

Started on a simple DOGE one which does layers.

I used a modified version of https://github.com/Jon-Becker/nft-generator-py.git to generate the above images.  The basic idea is to have layers like background, foreground, accessory layers, etc.  PNG’s in a folder with white background as transparency (alpha).  Then combine the layers to do different variations.

The original popular version of this style of NFT was CryptoPunks June 2017.  The "bored ape yacht club" is a more recent popular example.  There’s already a DOGE version called "The Doge Pound".

According to https://www.nft-stats.com/collection/the-doge-pound , "The Doge Pound NFTs were sold 294 times in the last 7 days. The total sales volume for The Doge Pound was $4.28M. The average price of one The Doge Pound NFT was$14.6k" as of 2021/11/01.

> Each Doge Pound has constructed algorithmically by mixing a variety of properties with different possibilities in the following categories:
Background, Clothing, Earring, Eyes, Eyewear, Mouth, Fur, and Hat.

> The Doge Pound was founded by three friends who set a goal and want to achieve it. Three oddly matched people expressing themselves via art and creating something interesting and hilarious.

## Cryptocurrency Mania (and taxes)

Jan 2016 to Mar 2017, I was making reliable progress on HeroQuest UE4. After changing jobs (and moving from TX to CA), progress slowed, and I entered an indefinite hobby project sabbatical circa late Jun 2017.

Early Nov 2017 I got sucked into the cryptocurrency mania – albeit a bit late to the party.  Circa May 2013 (Tekzilla 431) I have vague memories of almost buying (and/or mining) bitcoin, but for whatever reason I dropped it.  I suspect it’s a common story.  Price quotes: $266 (Apr 2013),$130 (May 2013), $100 (Jun 2013),$350-$1242 (Nov 2013),$600-$1000 (Dec 2013),$6,500 (Nov 2017), $10,000-$20,000 (Dec 2017), \$7,000 (Mar 2018).

Back to Nov 2017…  Besides learning about it, I also invested a small amount (for fun), which caused me to get sucked into the overly complicated tax situation. It’s an example of how governments too often add unnecessary complexity to our lives.  This is bad because it wastes human effort, adds counterproductive complexity to our lives, discourages innovation, rationalizes witch hunts (selective enforcement), and worst of all – it contributed to extending my HeroQuest UE4 sabbatical :-p

I’m not a licensed CPA or tax professional, but here’s my layman’s summarized understanding.  The IRS considers cryptocurrency as property (for tax purposes), so you’re expected to track every time you get it as income (includes mining), you spend it, or you trade it.  If you day trade and/or mine and/or use it for daily transactions, then you could end up with an absurd of transactions.  And you might lack detailed records of everything.

Standard tax software (eg TurboTax, TaxACT, H&R Block) doesn’t have an easy/streamlined way to import data for crypto taxes.  Specialized crypto tax software (eg cointracking.info, bitcoin.tax) supports some exchanges via API import or CSV/XLSX import.

But for other exchanges, I ended up writing Python scripts to help process the data.  Eg copy tables of data from an exchange website to use as input file to a Python script, which outputs a CSV file that can be imported into a crypto tax reporting tool. The crypto tax reporting tool can then be used to generate a Form 8949, a PDF, a CSV/XLSX, or a tax report file that can be imported into traditional tax software (eg TurboTax, TaxACT).

The intent of this blog is to track some of my programming hobby projects. Cryptocurrency investing (and tax reporting) is arguably one of those hobby projects in that…  I did some learning about cryptocurrency (related to computer software and hardware).  I wrote some Python scripts to help with investment tracking and tax reporting. And it’s industry news (my day job is GPU software; crypto mining uses ASICs and GPUs).  So it’s sort of relevant.  However, besides this one entry, I don’t plan to post about cryptocurrency.

## YuGiOh GUI in C# (2006)

I wrote this nifty GUI in 2006 (shortly after college) for playing the YuGiOh card game.

This basic GUI prototype is pretty simple – it doesn’t have any AI, or networking, or OpenGL graphics.  It doesn’t enforce any of the complex card-specific rules logic.  It doesn’t display the card graphics (it just displays the card’s name).  What it does do is…  It reads a deck from a text file.  It shuffles the deck randomly and allows you to draw cards from the top of the deck, and to move a card to a specified game location (in the specified position).  It also has a simple integer number generator (for rolling dice, coin flips, etc).  When a card is placed on the field, the text boxes are intentionally editable so you can track things like how many counters are on a card.

This basic functionality was very useful to enable two use cases.  The first use case is that I could experiment making decks without using physical cards – to create a deck, I just type the card names in a simple text file.  I could also manually simulate playing two decks against each other.  The other use case is that I could play with someone over instant message and track the state of their game and my game (yes I actually did this) (the person on the other side could be using an actual physical deck instead my program).  So this was a great example of a tool that was low effort to write, but very useful.  And it could (obviously) be expanded to do a lot more.

One more feature worth mention is that although this is a GUI application, you can also play the entire thing in console mode using custom scripting commands (this is similar to how AMD SimNow works).  This could be extended to record and playback a session, though we’d need to save random number seeds for anything random (eg shuffling the deck).

Screen shot of the initial GUI:

Screen shot after a bit of playing:

To place selected card from hand, you right-click the zone:

Or if a card is already placed, you can reposition or move it, by right-clicking on the card:

An example deck list text file:

# http://www.professional-events.com/decks/UDE/YGO!/RegionalsButler090206.htm
# 14
[Monsters]
3 Lava Golem
3 Stealth Bird
3 Des Koala
2 Des Lacooda
1 Sangan
1 Spirit Reaper
1 Morphing Jar
# 13
[Spells]
3 Chain Energy
3 Wave-Motion Cannon
2 Nightmare’s Steelcage
2 Messenger of Peace
1 Swords of Revealing Light
1 Level Limit – Area B
1 Graceful Charity
# 13
[Traps]
3 Secret Barrel
3 Just Desserts
2 Ojama Trio
1 Ring of Destruction
1 Magic Cylinder
1 Gravity Bind
1 Ceasefire
1 Torrential Tribute

## Old Side Projects Posted Now (Years Later)

My idea for this new blog category is to describe some older small side projects (exclusively, or at least primarily, done outside of work) (programming of course) that I wrote long before I created this blog.  I’ve done a lot of small side projects just to play with stuff and learn a little, so I probably have 100’s (or at least over 100) in the past 10 years, especially if we include before that (ie college and high school).

Because I’ve jumped around to different small side projects, someone reading this might think I am scatter-brained, lacking focus, or emphasizing quantity instead of quality.  But keep in mind I have a full-time job as a software engineer, and these old projects I plan to post will just be projects I did randomly for fun outside of my job, or for some specific practical use.

The real take-away is that I like programming so much that even after working 40-80 hours a week at my actual job (which specific focus areas), I will still spend a lot of nights and weekends and vacation time playing with other programming stuff that I don’t get exposed to at work (eg web stuff like WordPress & Adobe Flex, C#, Java, image processing, mobile development, automation & bots), or that I get at work but want more (eg OpenGL & DirectX, game engines, Qt, cross-platform development).  Also, these side projects are in addition to side learning (reading books, reading articles & papers, watching lectures & tutorials).

The trigger for my motivation to create this category is just that I was looking through old files and I found a small YuGiOh program I wrote in C# probably in 2006.  So I will at least post about that.  I don’t know what else I will end up posting, but we will see.  A part of me, as I write this, is already saying to myself – “writing this post is itself a small side project that is wasting time you could be using for something else”

It’s a little weird that it’s 2015 and my first post in this category will be about something I wrote in 2006.  So that’s why I am putting these years old side projects in a separate category.  WordPress is probably not the right tool for this, because it organizes posts based on the date I posted them.  It would make more sense to organize them based on when I wrote the project and other attributes about the project.  Or maybe I will modify the posted date to an approximation of when I wrote the project, instead of when I wrote the post.  Whatever I do, I don’t want to waste a lot of time on it.

Edit: I’ve decided to merge this category with the scripting & automation category where I just did a post about using Sikuli for a simple Game of War “bot”, so this will include both old and recent small side projects…  So the emphasis is more on the type of small side project rather than when I wrote it.

## Sikuli (example Game of War bot automates simple tasks)

Overview

This post is some notes on my experience trying out Sikuli to write a simple Game of War bot.

Sikuli is a neat little tool that makes it super easy to write Python scripts for simple automation tasks that involve clicking on images.  Sikuli comes with an IDE that can take screen captures and shows you the screen capture as a thumbnail in your Python code viewer. I don’t know whether I imagine myself using this for anything serious, but it is at least a pretty cool concept and prototype.

You can also still edit your python code file (and png reference images) without the IDE.  The IDE generates an HTML file that it uses to display the code mixed with png thumbnails.

http://www.sikuli.org/

Here is a screen shot of the IDE:

Example setup and script for Game of War

Here is a code snippet that clicks the “Use” button in the Android game “Game of War”:

I wrote the script originally on my desktop using BlueStacks.  However, I’m on vacation now (visiting family) traveling with an old Windows laptop that doesn’t support BlueStacks (and even if it did, my screen resolution is smaller).  So I decided to tweak my script to work with VMLite VNC Server (Android) + TightVNC (desktop Windows).  Notice how the above code snippet has bIsLaptop, so it uses a lower resolution reference image.

Here’s a screen shot of TightVNC connected to my Nexus 7 with the resolution set to 50%.  DoUseLoop() clicks the Use button 500 times:

Concerns (Feedback to Sikuli development)

The IDE is a neat concept, but it’s not very robust.  The Windows version uses (ctrl+shift+z) instead of (ctrl+y) for redo.  A lot of the GUI menus you have to use the mouse (the keyboard doesn’t work).  There doesn’t seem to be an option to change the size of the thumbnails.

For a tool that seems to be all about convenience, a debugger would be nice, but I’d at least expect a simple option to have print() print to Sikuli’s console window. Instead, it prints stdout to the Message area in the IDE GUI.  It also prints debug messages to the Message area in the IDE GUI.  This is all well and good, except that it hides the IDE GUI when you run (and there is no option to avoid this).  Because the scripts run at the OS level (not the window level), this sort of makes sense, but it would be nice of there was an easy convenient option to keep a window open to see stdout debug (or status) messages.

I was also expecting a built-in shortcut to abort a script that you ran from the IDE, but I don’t see it.  Instead, I have to go to the IDE’s cmd.exe window and close that.  And when I close that, it doesn’t bring the IDE back, so I have to re-open the IDE window with runIDE.bat.  So there seems to be a lot of kludge even using this simple tool for the most obvious simple task.

The editor also has some other quirks.  For example, if I use (shift+left or right arrow key) to highlight an image in the text editor, it visually shows highlighting the entire line (even though when I do ctrl+x for cut I see that it did actually only highlight the image).  There’s a similar problem when I use (shift+home) or (shift+end) on a line of code with an image.

Conclusion

In any case, it works, and it is very easy to implement simple scripts such as this example of a simple script to play Game of War.  I actually feel like this might be a good way for a newbie (child or teenager) to get some very simple exposure to programming (learn through doing).  When I was in first or second or third grade (a long time ago with monochrome CRT monitors), we got to write simple Logo turtle programs, and our class even had a robot turtle that could draw things with a pencil.  This would of course go beyond that writing simple Python programs.

If someone is serious, they could of course run multiple instances of (Sikuli + BlueStacks).  Because Sikuli does image search and mouse click on the OS level, you would have to add logic to change which BlueStacks window is in front.  Or use a different tool that can do image search and mouse click directly to the window (instead of at the OS level).  Or just run one at a time, but have the script change between multiple accounts.  I’m not convinced Sikuli is the best tool to make a serious Game of War bot farm, but it’s at least a nifty tool.

Since it works at the OS level, it also means you can’t really use your computer while it’s running, unless you do it on a secondary computer or a virtual machine.  If the input (keyboard, mouse) and image detection worked at the window level (instead of the OS level), then you could run your script in the background while doing other tasks.

Legal Disclaimer: I don’t know if Game of War EULA has rules as against simple scripts like this. I do know that having multiple farm accounts is very common in the game, and that simple scripting would be an obvious way to automate many simple tedious tasks. I’ve also seen other posts about automating Game of War tasks including even a youtube video using Sikuli.  I also wouldn’t really call my example a “bot” as it only does simple tedious repetitive tasks based on the pixel output. “Game of War” has a lot of simple tedious repetitive button tapping (the company even calls itself “Machine Zone”).  Finally this post does not contain a code download, and it’s not really a tutorial.  The primary purpose of this post is just to share a quick example of one of the many small side projects I’ve done for fun outside of my day job, which shows (1) love of programming and (2) exposure to additional programming (knowledge, experiences, tools etc) outside of my day job (and college classes).  All that said, if anyone is offended by this post, I am glad to modify or delete it.

## Scripting & Automation

I’m creating a new category to share some notes on some things I’ve done in terms of scripting & automation.  I do not consider myself a “test monkey” or an “automation specialist” or in any way affiliated with QA (quality assurance).  However, maybe 10% of my work for my day job has involved things related to scripting, automation, or regressions.  In addition to that, I am always on the lookout for manual tasks that I can automate (or simplify) to save time in the long-run (both at work and outside of work).  In some cases, I even prefer to automate something that doesn’t necessarily save time, because it can be less error prone.

Things I might post about include: AutoIt (AutoHotKey), Linux scripts, Windows scripts, Python, regressions…  But as always, I am not very dedicated to blogging (mainly because it’s a distraction from actually doing the stuff I’d post about) (and btw I’ve also already started doing weekly status notes for my day job), so no promises about what I will end up posting 🙂

For my day job, I primarily use C++ for actual development, and a mix of other things for scripting such as (simnow’s custom scripting language, python, Linux shell, Windows shell, AutoHotKey).  For simnow, we have our own simple custom scripting language (automation commands), and can easily share these scripts with users.

We automate more complex behavior (eg control flow) usually with Python (our regressions also use Python and XML).  I also write a lot of python scripts to automate tedious tasks (or to make sure I don’t do a human error).

I use Linux one-liners a lot on Linux, and also on Windows (cygwin is popular, but I’ve been using gnuwin32).  One example is to grep any sort of text files (such as simnow log files).  An example of Linux one-liners is to search log files (for debugging our simulator) (you can do a lot with just grep and awk).

I also like AutoHotKey (or AutoIt) mainly for how it integrates easily with Windows, and I can easily mix it with Python scripts.

Here’s a quick example of an awesome AutoHotKey script I use every day at work.  The background is that our IT department provides us file servers (NSF for Linux, SAMBA for Windows) where you can see the same files on Windows and Linux, and some file shares can also be seen from a web address.  For development, I typically use a local Windows computer in my cube, and I connect via NX to a farm of Linux machines (and I can submit jobs to LSF).

Because I use both Windows and Linux heavily in this way, I wrote an AutoHotKey script that activates when I do (ctrl+win+alt+c).  The script does the following…  It copies the clipboard contents to a network file (visible on both Windows and Linux).  It runs a python script that converts the path between (Windows, Linux, web) – if it’s one of the convertible paths.  For example, if I copy the path "/foo/bar/mypath" from my NX session, then do (ctrl+win+alt+c), then ctrl+V paste I will paste “\\winfoo\bar\mypath”.

For work related scripts I normally use Python, but I’ve used C# and Java and Objective C in side projects just for the exposure (and for college projects, back in the day).

Another example is the Torque 3D project (City Hero Defense) I did that used TorqueScript – you could expose Torque engine functionality to TorqueScript.  This sort of reminded me of how simnow models are written in C++, but they can expose simple automation commands for scripting.